The name dates to about 800, when Charlemagne, emperor of the Germanic Franks, took control of the region, naming it Eastern March because it was meant to stem invasions by marauders from the east.(A march is a protective zone set up to defend a border area.) In the tenth century, German king Otto I named it Ostarichi (eastern kingdom), from which the modern German name, Osterreich, derives.
Around January 6th the "Sternsaenger" (star singers), dressen as the three kings, walk from door to door announcing the birth of Jesus, leaving a mark on every house.
Another source of the diversity is the Alps, which cover 62 percent of the country.
The distinctions also occurred because different groups settled in Austria.
The Latin name, Austria, had appeared by the twelfth century. Because the country is landlocked and bordered by eight other countries with their own distinctive cultures, the people of each province tend to be different.
Surrounded by so many other cultures, Austria has often been subjected to cultural "invasions," which are a source of the differences among the provinces.